Calligraphy Development in Indonesia
In learning the art of calligraphy, of course we must also know the development of Islamic history into Indonesia. Certainly of course Calligraphy was also present in line with the entry of Islam and developed through the trade route in the 7th century AD. Then spread throughout the archipelago around the 12th century AD
The centers of the spread of Islam such as in Sumatra, Java, Madura, Sulawesi, of course, became the main area for the existence of the study of calligraphy. In the course of the spread of knowledge began from the coastal area and then spread to remote areas wider.
The existence of calligraphy art that must be maintained, of course, very arousing the hearts of contemporary calligraphy artists to continue to preserve and practice their knowledge and bring down to the younger generation. With more and more calligraphy being studied in Indonesia. This must be welcomed by elements of the community and institutions of schools, Madrasas and Universities. So that calligraphy can develop into one of the subjects or extracurricular activities of students and students in several schools and universities. Of course, especially for Schools and Universities that have Islamic curriculum must be maximized by learning.
Whereas the relationship of calligraphy with Arabic is very, very tight. Because calligraphy is definitely identical to Arabic or the Qur’anic language. Arabic is a medium or means for beautiful calligraphy writing. Very interesting and is the art of human work in an effort to develop interest in writing Arabic letters properly.
Hopefully calligraphy lessons can be one of the important lessons taught and included in the school curriculum. In addition to teaching beautiful writing rules, of course the subject of calligraphy aims to educate children early on about writing Arabic letters properly and correctly. So that it does not cause reading, meaning and interpretation that is wrong because of the imperfect writing of the letters in each sentence.
This subject matter is of course also expected to be able to make a positive contribution to the proficiency of the students in Arabic. By remembering that students come from a variety of different backgrounds and have different abilities to absorb knowledge. Hopefully it does not dampen the enthusiasm to continue to preserve the art of Islamic calligraphy.
In the Indonesian community, learning Arabic is certainly still considered difficult and complicated. Though each language certainly has different levels of difficulty and ease, depending on the characteristics of the language system itself.
In learning Arabic, there are four language skills that students must have, namely: listening skills, speaking skills, reading skills, writing skills. In mastering the four language skills, some experts assume that a person’s language skills are only determined by the level of mastery of the grammar (syntax) itself.
Some other experts reject this opinion and say that a person’s level of language proficiency is strongly influenced by one’s mastery of the meaning of vocabulary. Their opinion is based more on mastery of the dictionary.
Arabic Learning Objectives
The purpose of an Arabic language learning in the context of Arabic language education must describe the form of learning outcomes that students want to achieve through the teaching process that is carried out.
Arabic subjects have the following objectives:
Develop communication skills in the language in oral and written forms. Communication skills include listening, speaking, reading and writing. Growing awareness of the nature and importance of Arabic as a foreign language to become the main tool of learning, especially in studying the sources of Islamic teachings. Develop an understanding of the interrelationships between language and culture. Thus students have cross-cultural insights and involve themselves in cultural diversity.
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